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Understanding Criminal Law

Penal and criminal law pertains to an identical type of law. These laws can have a unique and severe form of punishments and it will actually depend on the jurisdiction and the offense that has been made. The most common forms of punishment that these laws have include probation, imprisonment, parole, execution and fines. Sometimes, the line between criminal and civil law becomes less distinct.

A group of ancient people from thousands of year ago was responsible for making the very first written code of law. These early codes did not actually separate the criminal and civil law.

What makes a criminal law unique is the failure to follow the rules and the possibility of imposing serious forms of punishments. In the event that imprisonment is ordered, it can be solitary and an individual can get imprisoned for the rest of his life. A different kind of confinement is called house arrest where an individual is required to adhere to the rules that are set by the parole or probationary department. People who are convicted can lost their property and money.
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The five categories of penalties include deterrence, punishment, restitution, retribution and incapacitation. These penalties will vary considerably between jurisdictions..
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Crimes that are heinous in nature and poses a great impact on the society and the entire areas are dealt with using the public international law. Subsequently after world war 2 happened and with the trials that took place in a certain place, public international law began. Through these trials, the individuals started to be held accountable for their actions even if what they were doing was in behalf of the government. On top of that, those individuals were also not allowed to claim sovereign immunity.

In implementing most of the laws, a fear of punishment is created.

Typically, criminal law forbids the people from doing undesirable acts. Further evidence that a crime was committed by an action, a lack of action or a threat of action is needed for actus reus or a guilty act. On top of that, a physical element is needed to prove an actus reus. In the event that a person is in charge of someone else, whether or not it is because of a contract, living together, blood relation or through an official relation, the rule actus reus will apply. Guilty act or actus reus is also applicable to situations that are dangerous because of an individual’s own actions. The Good Samaritan law applies in situations like these.

Regulatory offenses are some of the crimes that does not require more. These type of crimes are known as strict liability offenses. The proof of intent must be accomplished for the reason that these crimes can have severe consequences.